Catalog Record: Two apocrypha in Old English homilies | Hathi Trust Digital Library
48 For a useful discussion of the term (and its applicability), see D. Scragg, Dating and Style in Old English Composite Homilies, H. M. Chadwick Memorial. Published: (); Dating and style in Old English composite homilies / The Old English homily: precedent, practice, and appropriation / edited by Aaron J. This book provides a detailed, in-depth study of Old English composite homilies preserved in tenth- and eleventh-century manuscripts. Composite homilies.
I and Cotton Otho D. The leaf was disbound at the time that I examined it in London November, The parchment leaf also now bears the press mark of the manuscript.
It is possible, perhaps even probable, in a Latin manuscript of this date that the ancient suspensions -b ; -bus and q ; -que would have been abbreviated ; it is also possible that the nomina sacra were abbreviated. There is, however, only one nomen sacrum in the passage that is missing between the end of the recto and the begining of the verso ; it is dominus, which, if abbreviated, would reduce the character count by 4.
The suspensions of -bus and -que would, if abbreviated, reduce the total by only a few characters because the abbreviation stroke in the form of a semicolon, since it would sit on the line, would fill the space of one character. The spaces occupied by punctuation would add a few characters to the total. There is no evidence from the extant portions of the papyrus about whether or not these abbreviations were employed.
Old Style and New Style dates
It must be emphasized that all of these calculations can only be approximate, but it seems likely that the missing text filled 15 lines. I have also consulted the Maurini edition: Sancti Gregorii Papae I. Cognomento Magni Opera Omnia, 4 vols. Paris, at vol.
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This is the text that was reprinted by Migne, PL In the transcription I have followed papyrological practice in assigning dots to letters: When the extant traces, however meager, could only represent one specific letter, even if part of the letter is missing or abraded, the letter is printed without a dot.
Square brackets indicate physical defects in the manuscript. Only the hast of the second d in desiderans is visible. Only the second minim of the first u in mundum is preserved. There is a space equivalent to about one-half of a letter separating denuntiat and ut, but no punctuation is visible.
Dating and style in old english composite homilies
Only the third minim of the m in amore is preserved. Although the letters are not entirely clear, it appears that the s at the end of eius is ligatured to the t at the beginning of terminum.
It is unclear whether the smudges on the papyrus following the s of si are traces of ink. Etaix's text reads audimus.
Old Style and New Style dates - Wikipedia
Most manuscripts, and the printed text of the Maurini, read audiuimus. The amount of space available in the lacuna on the papyrus makes it impossible for audiuimus to have been the reading of the papyrus. Under infra-red light it is clear that the character immediately after the lacuna is a d, so I believe the papyrus must have read audimus.
There is a space following the r of patimur, but it is unclear whether the smudges on the papyrus at this spot are the remnants of punctuation or even whether they are ink. It is placed above the line about one-half the height of a minim.
Very little is clearly legible between the u of immutatione and the c of colligimus, but the ink traces that are present correspond precisely to the letters that would be expected. It was not changed when a 13th Julian leap day was skipped inso the tax year in the United Kingdom still begins on 6 April.
Friday, 6 October was followed by Friday, 18 October. Instead of 12 days, only 11 were skipped, and the day of the week was repeated on successive days, because at the same time the International Date Line was moved, from following Alaska's eastern border with Canada to following its new western border, now with Russia.
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DIED JULY 4 " Usually, the mapping of new dates onto old dates with a start of year adjustment works well with little confusion for events which happened before the introduction of the Gregorian calendar. For example, the Battle of Agincourt is universally known to have been fought on 25 Octoberwhich is Saint Crispin's Day.
But for the period between the first introduction of the Gregorian calendar on 15 October and its introduction in Britain on 14 Septemberthere can be considerable confusion between events in continental western Europe and in British domains.
Events in continental western Europe are usually reported in English language histories as happening under the Gregorian calendar. For example, the Battle of Blenheim is always given as 13 August However confusion occurs when an event involves both. This maps to 11 July Gregorian calendarconveniently close to the Julian date of the subsequent [and more decisive] Battle of Aughrim on 12 July This latter battle was commemorated annually throughout the eighteenth century on 12 July,  following the usual historical convention of commemorating events of that period within Great Britain and Ireland by mapping the Julian date directly onto the modern Gregorian calendar date as happens for example with Guy Fawkes Night on 5 November.
The Battle of the Boyne was commemorated with smaller parades on 1 July. However, the two events were combined in the late 18th century,  and continue to be celebrated as " The Twelfth ". Because of the differences, English people and their correspondents often employed two dates, dual datingmore or less automatically. For this reason, letters concerning diplomacy and international trade sometimes bore both Julian and Gregorian dates to prevent confusion: