The French and Indian War ends - HISTORY
French and Indian War () grew out of competition between Great A gravestone dating from in the cemetery at Thyatira Church in Rowan County. French and Indian War — George Washington and the French and Indian War — Elementary. Student Worksheet. Worksheet 1: Three Groups that Wanted the Ohio Valley. The French. The French h need more space. Date and/or place. “Time Line of the French and Indian War” where students put the worksheet and the Indian Nations and French and Indian War Forts map for each student. Students should attach the time line strips above the date line. 8.
Only the presence of the Cherokee in North Carolina prevented more aggressive Shawnee attacks. In February Capt. Hugh Waddell helped secure a peace treaty with the Catawba and Cherokee. Under the treaties negotiated by the governors of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia, the Cherokee would send their warriors north to fight the French and the Shawnee in exchange for supplies and forts to be built by the English to protect the Indian settlements.
That winter a disastrous campaign against the Shawnee left the Cherokee warriors angry and hungry, and on the way home they raided white settlements in Virginia and North Carolina for food and horses. Only the continued negotiations kept them from breaking with the English and siding with the French.
Between and North Carolina concentrated on shoring up its frontier defenses. Construction began in but was not completed; the fort was never armed or used. Another Fort Dobbs, in Iredell Countywas built during the same period.
French and Indian War | NCpedia
Fort Granville, named for John Lord Carteret, Earl Granville, was located on the southern side of Ocracoke Inlet near the new town of Portsmouth to guard both the inlet and the harbor. Work began on Fort Granville inbut it was never finished, although garrisoned and armed with 11 old ship guns. The site was abandoned at the end of the war. In refugees from the western frontier and the north streamed into North Carolina to escape the war. Overwhelmed with these emigrants in the winter and spring, the Moravians at Bethabara built an additional fort around its all-important mill and moved refugees there from the village stockade.
The French and Indian War: Causes, Effects & Summary
They also fed hundreds of Cherokee warriors on their way to and from the fighting in Virginia. Hugh Waddell's men took part in the capture of Fort Duquesne in November The Cherokee were very dissatisfied with their treatment during the campaign and returned home angry with the colonial forces.
In a significant number of Cherokees turned against the English. The forts at Bethabara then filled with refugees, outnumbering the Moravians, who established the town of Bethania to help relieve the overcrowding.
That summer typhus broke out in Bethabara, killing many refugees and Moravians. The South Carolinians forced a peace treaty on the Cherokee inbut it did not last.
In January and February the Indians besieged Fort Prince George and Fort Loudoun and swept through the backcountry settlements, killing everyone they found. Colonial rangers from Fort Dobbs and Bethabara attempted to rescue settlers and fought the Cherokee.
The Virginia expedition led by Col. William Byrd to relieve Fort Loudoun failed in July. The fort surrendered to the Upper Cherokees on 7 August, and its commander and much of its garrison were massacred three days later. In January Lt. James Grant arrived in Charles Towne with British regulars.
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The war was expensive for the British government to fight. In order to pay for it, they issued taxes on the colonies. The British government considered this fair as they were protecting the interests of the colonies. The colonies, however, felt that they should not be taxed unless they had representation in the British government. Also, this war was the first time that the colonies united together to fight a common enemy. They built up colonial militias and gained confidence in their fighting abilities.
In the end, the events of the French and Indian War played a major role leading up to the American Revolution.The Seven Years War and the Great Awakening: Crash Course US History #5
George Washington served as a colonel in the provincial militia during the war. He was the leader at the first battle of the war, the Battle of Jumonville Glen. The British captured Havana, Cuba from Spain in near the end of the war. They later exchanged Havana for Florida as part of the peace treaty.
The French were greatly outnumbered by the British and had to rely heavily on American Indian soldiers and allies.
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