Fincham, ) and Child and Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory Keywords: interparental conflict; adolescent dating; appraisals. Oct 1, Aggression and Abuse in Adolescent Dating Relationships. By John H. . inter- parental conflict and these aspects of dating relationships. Dating violence among high-risk young women: a systematic review using quantitative Interparental conflict and adolescent dating relationships: Integrating.
See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. A subset of 88 adolescents was also observed interacting with their romantic partners.
The patterns of moderated effects differed by gender. These findings suggest that the meanings boys and girls ascribe to interparental conflict are important for understanding how family experiences contribute to the development of romantic relationships. The voluntary, egalitarian nature of romantic relationships motivates most adolescents to negotiate mutually agreeable solutions to disagreements.
Negotiation maximizes the potential for relationship preservation and can even strengthen relationships Hartup, Adults whose parents use verbal and physical aggression are more likely to use similar conflict styles with their own romantic partners Ehrensaft et al.
Despite some differences, both dating and marital relationships are voluntary, egalitarian relationships that involve emotional and physical intimacy. Adolescents exposed to high levels of interparental conflict might anticipate and potentiate conflict with romantic partners. Yet even intense interparental conflict is not necessarily aggressive, and non-aggressive marital conflict could also predispose adolescents to destructive conflict behavior.
Likewise, interparental conflict could predispose adolescents to non-aggressive, destructive conflict tactics. The current study examines a range of romantic relationship conflict styles, including physical aggression, conflict engagement, compliance, withdrawal, and positive problem solving.
We expected that greater exposure to interparental conflict would be associated with more conflictual romantic relationships, less use of problem solving, and greater use of destructive conflict styles with romantic partners. If such appraisals generalized to romantic relationships, they might also predict romantic relationship functioning.
Although the generalization of interparental conflict appraisals to romantic relationships has yet to be demonstrated, research by El Sheikh and Harger demonstrates that generalization is indeed possible. In their study, youths made similar appraisals about conflict between unfamiliar adults as for conflict between their own parents.
To the extent that negative conflict appraisals are generalized, they could sensitize adolescents to actual or ambiguous conflict cues with romantic partners and negatively bias their appraisals of situations or partners Fosco, et al.
Accordingly, we expected that negative appraisals of interparental conflict would be associated with more conflictual romantic relationships, less use of positive problem solving, and greater use of ineffectual conflict styles. Debate exists as to whether appraisals mediate or moderate the associations between interparental conflict and youth outcomes.
In the mediation model, appraisals are conceptualized as direct responses to interparental conflict that explain how and why interparental conflict leads to maladaptive outcomes. Although several studies support a mediation model Gerard et al.
Unlike mediators, moderators do not speak to issues of causality. Instead they explicate for whom and under what conditions interparental conflict is associated with negative outcomes. We hypothesized that a moderation model would better suit our sample of late adolescents. In childhood, when cognitive and coping resources are limited, negative appraisals could be normative, direct responses to intense interparental conflict Fosco, et al.
During adolescence, advances in abstract thinking, perspective-taking, and coping skills enable youth to make more differentiated appraisals. By late adolescence, individual differences in conflict appraisals could reflect stable differences in exposure and responses to interparental conflict. Coping responses mediated links between stress and adjustment through early adolescence, and later became more stable responses that moderated stress-related outcomes.
To our knowledge, no one has assessed whether conflict appraisals serve as moderators or mediators in late adolescence. Based on the literature reviewed, we hypothesized that appraisals of interparental conflict made by late adolescents would reflect dispositional responses that moderate associations between perceptions of interparental conflict and conflict in romantic relationships. Adolescent Gender Davies and Lindsay have argued that differences in gender socialization could lead boys and girls to react differently to interparental conflict.
Girls who make negative conflict appraisals of interparental conflict could be more likely to view compliance as an acceptable way of achieving these goals Dadds et al. Accordingly, we expected that interparental conflict and negative conflict appraisals would be associated with conflict engagement, physical aggression and withdrawal among boys and with compliance among girls.
The central hypotheses of this study were: All identified as heterosexual. Behaviors The third model predicted adolescent physical abuse in dating relationships. After accounting for Analyses conducted for the second aim are sum- physical abuse at T1, no other main effect predic- marized in Table 3.
Following the same approach tors were statistically significant. None of the two- as the first aim, these models examined the role of way interaction terms were statistically significant. Probes of lution behaviors over time. Controlling for T1 this three-way interaction term revealed one positive resolution, interparental conflict, age, and unique risk group. There were no statistically significant significant associations were found for girls in low- interaction terms in relation to positive conflict res- conflict relationships with their parents or for boys olution.
These The second model was computed to predict ver- findings indicate that the combination of parent— bal abuse at T2. In the second block, there was a behavior in dating relationships. Adolescents who were and destructive i. Toward this end, of verbally abusive conflict tactics, such as belit- we examined dyadic interparental and parent— tling, threatening, and antagonizing their dating child relationships and triadic processes triangu- partners.
Specifically, the conflict resolution skills that promote competence positive association between triangulation and ver- in romantic relationships and maladaptive strate- bal aggression was only upheld for youth who felt gies for resolving disagreements with a dating emotionally distant i. Using a short-term longitudinal design, we their parents; when youth felt close with their par- were able to test how these family processes pre- ents, triangulation was no longer correlated with dicted change in dating behaviors over time.
Over- verbally abusive behavior with dating partners. Some evi- may also be used in an effort to terminate conflicts dence suggests that family dynamics in which dif- in other relationships. Consistent with This pattern of results is consistent with other stud- similar studies, findings differed for boys and girls. For example, boys who are insecurely conflict resolution skills.
A second ents in relation to abusive dating behaviors. Interestingly, girls for boys, but positively associated with verbal were more likely to be physically abusive if they abuse for girls. When probed, neither slope for were exposed to higher levels of family aggression boys and girls was statistically significant, calling interparental and parent—child hostility and for caution in interpreting the current findings until reported low levels of attachment avoidance.
The they can be replicated.
This closeness ated by gender. In relation to verbal abuse, parent— scale may be more similar to the attachment anxi- adolescent conflict was a risk factor for boys, but ety scale used by Grych and Kinsfogeland not for girls. These findings, at least for boys, are it may account for stronger findings for boys in the consistent with the view that parent—adolescent analyzed sample. When predicting physical more nuanced process by which girls adopt physi- aggression, parent—adolescent conflict was a risk cally abusive behavior.
In this three-way interac- Limitations and Future Directions tion, a positive correlation emerged between trian- gulation and physical aggression for girls who This study is not without limitations.
This study experienced high levels of conflict with their par- employed a short-term longitudinal design that ents.
Interparental Conflict and Adolescents’ Romantic Relationship Conflict
Triangulation may amplify the role of parent— warrants replication with a long-term follow-up. Although we used in the family. Drawing on theory that girls may be appropriate methods for handling attrition in this more attuned to relationships in the family Davies sample, it is nonetheless a limitation.
These findings qualify Another possible concern is the presence of teach- the ways that adolescents who experience escalat- ers during survey administration, which may have ing conflicts with their parents may enter dating led students to under-report problem behavior. There may be different patterns of and female youth.
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